Analgesic is a category of drugs, commonly known as pain relievers. It is mostly advised by doctors for the relief of pain and discomfort in the human body. These pharmaceutical agents control and reduce pain through various biological mechanisms, offering relief from mild to severe pain, and the reduction in pain improves the quality of life for individuals suffering from diseases causing painful conditions. Analgesics occurs in both forms like non-prescription drugs and prescription drugs. In non-prescription analgesic drugs include over-the-counter options like acetaminophen and ibuprofen. The prescription analgesic drugs are advised for more intense or chronic pain management. Their effectiveness and safety make analgesic drugs an indispensable part of modern medicine.